Sclerosis occurs when a structure hardens because a connective tissue has substituted a specific tissue of a normal organ.
It’s safe to say that such a structure has experienced sclerotic changes or that it shows sclerotic lesions. In layman’s language, your body tissues have become abnormally hard.
Sclerosis is more of an umbrella term and therefore not specific. It requires a specialist to test and diagnose you with the precise type you are suffering from.
What is Multiple Sclerosis?
It is a long-term ailment, which can harm the optic nerves in your eyes, spinal cord, and your brain. Multiple sclerosis comes about when the myelin – a fatty material is attacked by your immune system.
This myelin covers the fiber nerves as protection. Therefore, without this cover, the nerves are impaired and scars tissues are made.
What this means is that the destruction impairs the ability of your brain to communicate using signals as it should.
Your nerves are also impaired and you can no longer function properly. In the end, this causes a victim to develop difficulty with muscle control, balance, vision, and other body functions that are basic.
Types of Multiple Sclerosis
There are four types of Sclerosis. The most popular type is the relapsing-remitting. The others are; primary-progressive, secondary-progressive, and relapsing-progressive.
Victims who suffer from relapsing-remitting type have times where they experience remission from one attack to the other, when the disease is not at an advanced level.
Eighty five percent of victims have this type. The other types, are harder to treat and manage. The reason is that, between attacks, they lack periods of remission. Also, these types of multiple sclerosis are uncommon.
The Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis
Human beings are known to self-diagnose themselves first before they check themselves into the hospital. Like it is the case with every other ailment, it is important to know indicative signs that would prompt you to be tested for sclerosis.
Such symptoms include but are not limited to the following;
- Cognitive problems
- Sexual dysfunction
- Bladder issues
- Fatigue or weakness
- Spasms and pains
- Dizziness or balance problems
- Problems with your eyesight
- Numbness and tingling
You should not worry about the above symptoms because they could also be manifesting themselves for another disease and not Sclerosis.
It is also necessary to know that, some people have lesser effects than others suffering the same disease. Granted, it is still imperative to seek medical advice from a specialist.
Early signs manifest themselves in patients who are between 20 and 40 years. Victims suffer relapses or attacks and they degenerate into worse conditions. Again, depending on medical factors in your make up, some people improve and recover from multiple sclerosis.
Researchers have recently found new ways to suppress multiple sclerosis’ effects as well as treat the disease.
Could there be a way to prevent MS?
By knowing what causes multiple sclerosis, we would some what know how to prevent falling sick with multiple sclerosis. Smoking may increase the probability of getting sclerosis.
This means if you or a loved one is a chain smoker, you may want to slowly come out of this habit in order to reduce the chances of getting sclerosis.
Other people may acquire multiple sclerosis after a viral infection like human herpesvirus 6 or the Epstein Barr virus.
This is because they cause the immune system to function abnormally and this is a risk; it propagates the disease or rendering the victim to suffer a series of relapses.
Researchers and biologists are still working overtime to identify the connection between Multiple sclerosis and the viruses. As at now, they still do not have a valid claim.
Also, some research has proved that Vitamin D can help your immune system and therefore keep multiple sclerosis away.
Therefore, if you can afford, take time and walk out of your office, in the sun. Bask and get that vitamin D, it will save you from getting MS. In children, start them from a very young age.
Take them out in the mild sun rays, early in the morning and later in the afternoon.
Further, if you live in a region with less sun, you could move to places where there is a lot of sun because this has been proven to lower the chances of getting multiple sclerosis.
Unfortunately, there is a way we cannot quite prevent getting multiple sclerosis.
This is the most inevitable way because it is in our body’s make-up. Certain types of genes are more prone to suffer multiple sclerosis. In such a case, you only need to determine early enough that you have multiple sclerosis and follow the treatment process as advised by your doctor.
Proven Medical Facts about Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis is treatable. There is no greater announcement to any patient. This is a statement that has been vindicated by doctors far and wide. In the olden days, multiple sclerosis was only managed with steroids. Without a doubt, there are a couple of medicines to use to treat multiple sclerosis.
Evolvement of Medication. The doctors are living at some of the best times even though most things are falling apart in the world of economics and politics.
This is because science has advanced medication in all fields and multiple sclerosis has not been left behind. Since the discovery of disease-modifying drugs, things have not been the same. These medicines are given to the patient at the earliest to prevent progression.
Interferons then follow, these bar the immune cells from getting into the spinal cord and the brain. These newly discovered drugs have fewer side effects and they are ingested simply through the mouth. Also, you need very few doses in the year.
Anyone can get multiple sclerosis. Though it is not the main focus, it is only good to know that you can get sclerosis so that you can get tested early enough to avoid last minute panics and regret when it’s progressed.
Relapse and Flares in Multiple sclerosis is normal. Flares in multiple sclerosis may be as a result of symptoms that have existed before such as tingling, numbness, and fatigue.
They begin when if a victim of multiple sclerosis is fighting an infection or when he or she is just tired. On the other hand, a relapse happens when the MS acts up and generates an injury to the nervous system. Such relapse symptoms that manifest disabling symptoms and last more than a day are treated. Thereafter, these symptoms may fade away; this is called remission.
New medication is offered to hold victims longer in remission. Previous flare symptoms that are not threatening do not need any treatment.
The triggers in Multiple sclerosis vary. As mentioned, decreased sunlight, viral infections, and lack of enough vitamin D as some of the predisposing factors that would make you get multiple sclerosis.
However, with Gene types, it is not factual that the disease is inherited in families always.
Some symptoms in multiple sclerosis are not too common. This is the main reason why medical doctors insist that patients should have a checkup done every once in a while to detect any early symptom and diagnose the disorder accordingly.
Apart from the ones mentioned above, you may recognize that headaches and migraines are not caused by multiple sclerosis, whereas one symptom of multiple sclerosis is facial pain.
Can you live a fulfilling life knowing you suffer multiple sclerosis?
Certainly yes! You should make sure you exercise, take a lot of water and eat healthy food in the right proportions. Avoid places and people that expose you to high risk of infecting multiple sclerosis from common triggers which include, high stress, heat, and infections.
Keeping away from these also help victims to reduce instances of flare ups.
Women with multiple sclerosis may be pregnant and plan the remission instances during the pregnancy for a safe delivery. Most people with MS can manage the condition well.
They do not have to fear that they will be extremely challenged physically to hinder them from doing their normal activities. It is important to consult and engage professionals on suitable treatment techniques.